The Search For an Eczema Cure
First things first. What is eczema? Why do people get this skin disease, and what can be done to prevent it? Is an eczema cure out there, or are all the experts making “stabs in the dark?” While a great deal can be written on this subject, this article will focus on understanding this very irritating and embarrassing malady as well a stress less lavender medi oil s the search for relief.
Eczema is a type of skin inflammation (dermatitis) that causes various forms of rashes including: blistering, redness, cracking, bleeding, itching, dryness, and oozing to name a few. The term dermatitis means “inflammation of the skin.” Eczema can turn up just about anywhere on the body, but as to what causes this problem is still up for grabs. It has been attributed to heredity, food allergies, vaccinations, or non-food allergens that can rub with the skin like wool or other fabrics. It might also appear with the introduction of a new type of medication, or in persons with asthma. Perhaps it is all of these possibilities that can bring on eczema to the skin. There are different names for eczema; the most common being:
Atopic eczema. This type is believed to be hereditary, occurring in infants and those with hay fever and asthma. It is characterized by an itchy rash on the neck, face, scalp, and the inside of the elbows;
Contact dermatitis. As the name implies, contact with an allergen or an irritant (such as poison ivy, chemical substance, fabric material, or even sunlight) can bring on this type of eczema. By learning to avoid the allergens that cause the symptoms, persons have a good chance of staying away from contact eczema;
Xerotic eczema. Brought on by a dry skin environment that turns into itchy, tender skin; usually in winter conditions. The elderly are more susceptible as they can have difficulty keeping the aging skin moisturized;
Seborrhoeic dermatitis. This is eczema found in the scalp and around the eyebrows. Scaly pimples and red patches appear in surrounding areas. Commonly called “cradle cap” in infants because of the thick, yellowish rash on the scalp; also goes by the name “dandruff” in the general population.
What starts as redness in the skin can progress to itching that becomes very difficult to keep from scratching, thus exasperating the problem by spreading the irritation. Moisturizing the area of inflammation is very important to eczema sufferers because of potentially severe dryness of skin that can occur. Using soap on affected areas can actually dry skin further, so unless the soap is oil-based, it is recommended soaps or detergents be applied sparingly. Antihistamines, in the form of both topical and oral medications, are normally advised for alleviating the itching. Anti-itch drugs (also known as antipruritics) are medications that are prescribed for a host of skin disorders. The active ingredients are categorized by: Antihistamines like diphenhydramine (benedryl); Corticosteroids like hydrocortisone topical cream; local anesthetics such as benzocaine topical cream (Lanocaine); and counterirritants like mint oil, menthol, camphor.
The more serious problems with eczema are treated with corticosteroids taken orally. As with many pharmaceutical medications, side effects are a possibility; thus moderation is advised. One of the best ways to treat the skin rash is to keep the skin moisturized with agents called emollients; common ones are Oilatum, Belneum, Medi Oil, diprobase, bath oils and aqueous cream. The use of creams is easily applied and readily absorbed. Ointments can stay on the skin longer but can be greasy and inconvenient. Some emollients, like aqueous cream, are considered light in potency and will not prove very effective on severe dry, tender skin.